Flood mitigation reduces the overall risk of structure experiencing flood damage, and also reduces the severity of flood damage when it occurs. Examples of mitigation in a community may include planning and zoning, floodplain management, discouraging development in high risk flood areas, or providing outreach and education. Examples of mitigation for homeowners may include purchasing flood insurance, elevation of structures, or completely relocating out of the floodplain.
Structural mitigation projects include levees, dams, floodwalls, jetties, retention ponds, and many other examples. Structural mitigation projects aim to divert water away from people and communities. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is the federal agency tasked with building and maintain major flood mitigation projects. In Nebraska, the Natural Resources Districts (NRDs) provide flood mitigation projects at a more local level.
The purpose of non-structural flood mitigation is to change the way that people interact with the floodplain, flood risk, and also aim to move people away from flood-prone areas. Projects may include maintaining floodplain as open space, elevating structures, and in-depth community flood planning.
The Flood Mitigation Assistance Grant Program (FMA) is administered by NeDNR and provides financial assistance for either planning or projects that assist in decreasing long-term risk of flood damage to structures insured under the National Flood Insurance Program.
The FMA program has priorities to mitigate structures that have suffered repeated flood claims and those with severe repetitive loss. Contact Adele Phillips at NeDNR for more information about FMA. Adele can be reached at Adele.Phillips@nebraska.gov or 402-471-9252.
The Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities Grant Program (BRIC) is administered by NEMA and support states, local communities, tribes and territories as they undertake hazard mitigation projects, reducing the risks they face from disasters and natural hazards. For more information visit the NEMA website or contact NEMA at 402-471-7421.
The Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) is a mitigation grant that results from a presidential disaster declaration. After a disaster, Nebraska would receive 15% of the total public assistance funding that is made available via the declaration.
The goal of the HMGP is to reduce the loss of life and property from any future disaster. The Nebraska Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) manages the HMGP. For more information regarding the HMPG in Nebraska, visit the NEMA HMGP website, or contact NEMA at 402-471-7421.