Flood mitigation reduces the overall risk of structure experiencing flood damage, and also reduces the severity of flood damage when it occurs. Examples of mitigation in a community may include planning and zoning, floodplain management, discouraging development in high risk flood areas, or providing outreach and education. Examples of mitigation for homeowners may include purchasing flood insurance, elevation of structures, or completely relocating out of the floodplain.
Structural mitigation projects include levees, dams, floodwalls, jetties, retention ponds, and many other examples. Structural mitigation projects aim to divert water away from people and communities. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is the federal agency tasked with building and maintain major flood mitigation projects. In Nebraska, the Natural Resources Districts (NRDs) provide flood mitigation projects at a more local level.
The purpose of non-structural flood mitigation is to change the way that people interact with the floodplain, flood risk, and also aim to move people away from flood-prone areas. Projects may include maintaining floodplain as open space, elevating structures, and in-depth community flood planning.
The Flood Mitigation Assistance Grant Program (FMA) is administered by NeDNR and provides financial assistance for either planning or projects that assist in decreasing long-term risk of flood damage to structures insured under the National Flood Insurance Program.
The FMA program has priorities to mitigate structures that have suffered repeated flood claims and those with severe repetitive loss. Contact Brian Dixson at NDNR for more information about FMA. firstname.lastname@example.org or 402-471-9252.
The Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) is a mitigation grant that results from a presidential disaster declaration. After a disaster, Nebraska would receive 15% of the total public assistance funding that is made available via the declaration.
The goal of the HMGP is to reduce the loss of life and property from any future disaster. The Nebraska Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) manages the HMGP. Contact Mary Baker at NEMA for more information. email@example.com or 402-471-7185.
The Pre-Disaster Mitigation grant (PDM) provides funding for hazard mitigation planning and projects the reduce the risk from disasters. The goal of the PDM is a regular stream of funding that helps reduce the need for funding from actual disaster declarations.
PDM grants are awarded competitively and Nebraska does not get any particular allocation. PDM funds can fund similar activities to the HMGP and FMA. The Nebraska Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) manages the PDM funds. Contact Mary Baker at NEMA for more information. firstname.lastname@example.org or 402-471-7185.